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Is Jesus subject to God in heaven as He was on earth?
Thank you for asking your question about God and the work of the Son.
The Bible tells us that God is Trinity: a union of Father, Son and Holy Spirit. While there are three persons, Christians hold that each of these three are equal to one another, that one is no greater than the other.
However, as you suggest in your question, Jesus, the Son of God, was subject to the Father's authority. This isn't because the Father is greater, but rather that out of His love for the Father, the Son obeys.
To be clear, the terms 'Father' and 'Son' are not used to show one as a created being. Rather, this is to show us an idea toward the concept of different roles. Jesus makes it clear that he has the same authority and equality of the Father, (John 5:17-18) but there are some things that only the Father knows (Matthew 24:36).
In the ancient world, a son had the same authority as their father. Jesus takes this human concept and takes it further to tell people that He is the Son with the same authority as the Father.
We see an interesting connection in the Bible between the Father sending Jesus to save us (1 John 4:14), yet Jesus says that he willingly lays down his life. (John 10:18). An understanding can be drawn from this; the Father has authority over the Son (Jesus) to send him, but the Son willingly agrees because of his love for the Father.
Paul tells us that we are to emulate the behaviour of Jesus in our own lives. Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, but made himself nothing, taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross. Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father (Philippians 2:5-11).
Here we see that Jesus was in the form of God and equal to God yet chose to humble himself to the point of the cross. As a result of this humility, God has exalted him to the highest place and his name is greater than every name.
It would also seem to be the case that just as the Father had authority over the Son to send him into the world to save us, he also has the authority over the Son because He will send Jesus once more to gather His people.
"They will see the Son of Man [Jesus] coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. And he will send out his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other...But concerning that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only." (Matthew 24:30-31,36). This is to say that the Father will say to the Son "now is the time", and Jesus will obey by returning to earth.
This humility is what we are called to emulate: to be like Jesus willingly submitting to the will of God because of our love for him.
If you have never accepted Jesus as your Lord and Saviour, I encourage you to humble yourself and call out to God for the forgiveness of your sins, placing your trust in God alone. Jesus said "If you love me, you will keep my commandments" (John 14:15) and I hope that you show your love for God by obeying him and walking in his ways.
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*All Scripture references are taken From The English Standard Version of the Holy Bible unless stated otherwise
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