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I am not sure if I am sinning or not? What is sin?


Thank you so much for your honest spiritual enquiry. What a great question!

Sin is missing the target God intended us to hit. Sin is falling short of the same target which God intended us to reach.

This target of ‘right and holy living’ is seen and experienced in the fulfilling of God’s Ten Commandments, those cold stone written commands of God which list for us how we might live a life pleasing to Him. These ten commands can be seen in Deuteronomy 5:6-21 and also in Exodus 20:2-17 where in particular they say:

  1. “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You shall have no other gods before Me.
  2. “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My Commandments.
  3. “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.
  4. “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labour and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.
  5. “Honour your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which the Lord your God is giving you.
  6. “You shall not murder.
  7. “You shall not commit adultery.
  8. “You shall not steal.
  9. “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbour.
  10. “You shall not covet your neighbour's house; you shall not covet your neighbour's wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbour's.”

Sin is the missing of this target. Sin is a falling short of the fulfilment of any these commands and also note that: the Bible indicates that we are responsible not only for each one of these interconnected spiritual commands, but also for all of them.

So, to break one of them, is to be guilty of breaking all of them!

For whoever shall keep the whole law, and yet stumble in one point, he is guilty of all. For He who said, "Do not commit adultery," also said, "Do not murder." Now if you do not commit adultery, but you do murder, you have become a transgressor of the law. (James 2:10-11)

Ultimately sin is also a matter of the heart. So, if you murder ‘in your heart’ or commit adultery ‘in your heart’, then before God you have fallen short or missed His target of right living and so have broken His law!

Therefore, each human being, and that means both you and me, have been pronounced breakers of God's law and God calls the breakers of His law: sinners. We are all sinners and the whole of mankind has been found guilty before God of breaking His law.

In summary, when we fail to fulfil God’s written law, we sin. The bottom line is this: Mankind has been shown what is right yet has done wrong. God’s right judgement of us is that we are all condemned sinners.

THERE IS GOOD NEWS FOR MANKIND THOUGH! And that good news for mankind, for me, for you, is that because God loves us, His very own spotless and sinless Son purposely died a sinner’s death in our place.

But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. (Romans 5:8)

In conclusion then, I would say this to you: If the current awareness of your personal sin has become intolerable to you and you see yourself as a condemned sinner before God, the judge of the whole earth, then I suggest you watch the video on the main part of our website to know what Jesus has done for you and how to respond:

I hope this answer helps you to find peace with God through Jesus Christ. If you want to know more about what Jesus has done for you please watch the video on the main part of our site: Watch the video

Also, for your further consideration here are some other Bible References related to your question:

  • John 3:16
  • Matthew 5:28
  • Romans 2:14-15
  • Romans 7:12
  • Philippians 3:14-15
  • Hebrews 4:13
  • James 2:10
  • 1 John 3:4

I encourage you to attend a local Bible believing church and speak to the leader about your question. If you want to find a local church, our Church Finder may help you: Find a Church

Please feel free to submit a question to us or to read our answer database: Ask a Question

*All Scripture references are taken From The New King James Version of the Holy Bible unless stated otherwise

*If anything in this answer affects you directly, then please feel free to call our confidential prayer line in the UK on 0845 4567729, where trained Christian volunteers will take your call and pray both for you and with you. If you are outside of the UK then you may submit your request for prayer on line at

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